Vitreoretinal Surgery

Vitreoretinal surgeries are medical-surgical procedures which are performed on the vitreous humor of the eye. There are two main surgeries which fall under this category and they are:

 

Vitrectomy

 

There are two types of vitrectomy eye surgery procedures which are anterior vitrectomy eye surgery and pars plana vitrectomy:

 

Anterior Vitrectomy 

An anterior vitrectomy surgical procedure is used to remove the front portion of vitreous tissue in the eye. It is used for preventing as well as treating vitreous loss during both cataract surgery and corneal surgery. It is also used to treat ocular conditions such as aphakia pupillary block glaucoma.

 

Pars Plana Vitrectomy

Also known as trans pars plana vitrectomy, this eye surgery procedure is used to remove vitreous opacities and membranes through a pars plana incision. It is the most frequently used procedure, when combined with other intraocular procedures, to treat giant retinal tears, tractional retinal detachments, and also posterior vitreous detachments.

 

Retinal Detachment Repair

 

Retinal detachment is a disorder of the eye in which the retina separates from the eye layer directly underneath it. There are two main surgical procedures which are used to treat this medical condition:

 

Scleral Buckle Procedure

Preserved sclera or silicone rubber is used to "buckle" the sclera inward using a medical sewing technique to repair a retinal detachment.

 

Laser Photocoagulation

Also known as photocoagulation therapy, this ophthalmological process uses a laser to seal a retinal tear. It is used to treat a number of eye diseases as well as cauterize ocular blood vessels to help treat certain types of diabetic retinopathy.

 

References

Wikipedia

EyeWiki